Phra Rahu

Pra Rahu and Astrological Influence

Phra Rahu, the deity of fate and fortune, holds a significant position in Thai Buddhism and astrology. As an Asura type Deva of the heavenly realms, Phra Rahu is considered the god of eclipses and is believed to exert a strong influence on horoscopes, akin to the planet Saturn in Western astrology. Thai Buddhist people worship Phra Rahu to improve their karma, appease angry gods, and overcome obstacles. Legend has it that Phra Rahu is an immortal god, thwarting anyone who attempts to harm him.

The Impact of Pra Rahu’s Shadow

According to beliefs, when Phra Rahu’s shadow falls over a person’s fate, that individual may encounter a period of struggle and face challenges in various aspects of life. Problems related to finance, profession, family, health, and general misfortune may arise during this time. However, devotees believe that by venerating Phra Rahu, they can mitigate the negative effects and remove obstacles caused by bad luck and black magic.

Bucha Offerings to Pra Rahu

Bucha offerings to Rahu

To seek Phra Rahu’s auspicious blessings of protection, luck, and prosperity, faithful devotees make Bucha offerings every Wednesday. The Piti Buang Suang Bucha Phra Rahu ceremony involves paying reverence, making offerings, offering prayers, and chanting specific mantras. During the ceremony, ten black incense sticks and various black offerings such as black sticky rice, black jelly grass drink, and black semolina or sago pudding are presented.

Chanting the Kata to Pra Rahu

Chanting the Kata Bucha Phra Rahu is an essential part of the devotion to Phra Rahu. The Kata is recited either during the day or night, depending on the specific mantra. The Kata Surya Buppaa is chanted during daylight, while the Kathaa Jantrabupbhaa is recited at night. These mantras hold deep spiritual significance and are believed to invoke the blessings and influence of Pra Rahu.

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Performing Bucha to Pra Rahu

When conducting the Bucha ceremony, it is recommended to have a Rahu image, statue, or amulet as a focal point for concentration while praying and chanting the Kata. The initial Bucha session should take place in the evening of a Wednesday, starting from 7 pm onwards. Subsequent Bucha sessions can be performed during the daytime, with only incense required if acquiring the black food offerings becomes inconvenient.

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Phra Mae Nang Kwak Waving Lady

Nang Kwak: Revered Guardian of Merchants, Magic of Prosperity

In the vast realm of Thai folklore, where ancient legends intertwine with spiritual beliefs, the tale of Nang Kwak casts a spell of prosperity and devotion. Embodied in the story of Nang Supawadee, this timeless narrative captivates the hearts of countless individuals, transcending generations and immersing us in a world of mystical enchantment.

Mythical Origins

Nang Kwak’s extraordinary journey began in the annals of history, a tale that unfolds during the era when Buddhism first began to spread its gentle influence, approximately 2500 years ago. Within the Indian province of Sawadtii, nestled in the small town of Michigaasandhanakara, a couple named Mr. Sujidtaprahma and Mrs. Sumanta led a modest existence as merchants. Their daughter, Supawadee, illuminated their lives with her radiant spirit.

Mae Nang Kwak Statue

Eking out a meager living by selling wares in bustling markets, Mr. Sujidtaprahma and Mrs. Sumanta dreamed of a brighter future. Their aspirations led them to conceive a plan – to expand their business and ensure financial stability for their twilight years. Their determination sparked a series of events that would forever alter their destiny.

Encounter with Divine Grace

Supawadee, the harbinger of extraordinary fortune, accompanied her parents on their journey to distant towns, where they plied their trade. It was during one such venture that serendipity smiled upon them. Supawadee found herself in the presence of Phra Gumarn Gasabathera, an Arahant, and an enlightened disciple of Lord Buddha. The celestial words of Buddhism struck a chord within her, and in an act of unwavering faith, she sought refuge in the Triple Gem.

Moved by Supawadee’s devotion and faith, Phra Gasabathera summoned the essence of his Arahant powers. He bestowed upon her and her family a divine blessing of unparalleled prosperity and salesmanship. A unique boon was granted, amplifying the potency of the bestowed magic with every dedicated pursuit of the Dhamma. Supawadee’s spiritual journey continued as she crossed paths with Phra Sivali Maha Thera, a wandering monk who disseminated the teachings of Lord Buddha. In the town they visited, Supawadee had the privilege of attending Phra Sivali Maha Thera’s preaching. Under his guidance, her understanding of the Dharma deepened, and her wisdom flourished. Phra Siwaliithera, in recognition of her diligence, bestowed upon her the blessings of Metta, infusing her being with boundless love and kindness.

Nang Kwak at Wat Phra That Ruang Rong


With the combined blessings of Phra Gasabathera and Phra Sivali Maha Thera, Supawadee became a veritable fountain of prosperity. A fascinating phenomenon unfolded during their business ventures – whenever Supawadee accompanied her parents, their sales skyrocketed, and their wares disappeared from stalls with unprecedented speed. The correlation was unmistakable, leading her parents to the conclusion that Supawadee’s divine aura was the catalyst for their flourishing fortunes.

The family’s wealth burgeoned, and Mr. Sujidtaprahma, inspired by the teachings of Lord Buddha, embarked on his own spiritual path. He reached the pinnacle of attainment, becoming a Sotapanna, a “Stream Enterer.” Fueled by his boundless compassion, he donated land for the establishment of Ampatagawan, a haven for Buddhist monks. Furthermore, he erected Wat Machigaasandharaam, an illustrious temple, with Phra Sutamma Thera assuming the mantle of Abbot. Renowned for his magnanimity, Mr. Sujidtaprahma displayed his kindness by offering rides to those in need during his sales rounds. People from all walks of life, irrespective of their religious inclinations, sought his benevolence. The fortunate souls who rode alongside him marveled at the immense power of Metta Mahaniyom emanating from Supawadee. They began venerating her as the embodiment of good fortune in the realm of commerce and business.

As time marched forward, Mr. Sujidtaprahma and Mrs. Sumanta, having lived lives of prosperity and generosity, eventually departed from this mortal realm. Supawadee, carrying the torch of her family’s blessings, continued to captivate hearts with her unwavering devotion and love. Even in her final days, her spirit remained present, eternally dedicated to assisting those in need.

Nang Kwak Bucha statues

To honor her influence, statues and images of Supawadee were crafted, capturing her essence as a saintly figure. These relics, held in deep reverence, became objects of veneration for countless devotees seeking her blessings. The legend of Supawadee, cherished as the patron saint and guardian angel of merchants, reverberated through the passage of time, transcending borders and captivating the hearts of those who adored her.

With the advent of Buddhism and the introduction of the Hindu Brahman faith in Thailand, the essence of Supawadee found its way into the hearts of the Thai people. The statues transformed, and Nang Kwak emerged – a lady sitting gracefully, her right hand raised in an inviting gesture, while her left hand cradled a bag of gold or rested upon her lap. Thai society witnessed the prosperity bestowed upon the Bhramans who worshipped Supawadee, prompting the adoption of her veneration.

In contemporary Thailand, the presence of Nang Kwak permeates every corner, an integral part of the cultural fabric. A belief takes hold – that through prayer and offerings, Nang Kwak’s divine intervention will usher in prosperity and success. Her name, derived from the Thai words for “lady” and “beckoning wave,” encapsulates the spirit that invites abundance. Entrepreneurs and merchants, yearning for financial growth and increased sales, turn to Nang Kwak as their unwavering ally. With heartfelt reverence and the recitation of the Katha, one’s generosity and meritorious actions become the key to unlocking rewards. As devotees make offerings and seek her divine presence, the goddess of wealth, Nang Kwak, continues to shower her blessings, empowering dreams and enabling businesses to flourish.

Phra Nang Kwak Thai Goddess of Wealth

Phra Nang Kwak Thai Goddess of Wealth

In this deep and rich Siamese tradition, the legend of Nang Kwak stands as a testament to the enduring power of faith and devotion. From the humble origins of a young merchant girl to the guardian of prosperity, her story beckons us to embrace the path of enlightenment and abundance. Let us immerse ourselves in the blessings of Nang Kwak, allowing her radiant spirit to guide us on a journey toward success and fulfillment. May the enigmatic charisma of Nang Kwak forever ignite our entrepreneurial endeavors, infusing our lives with the magic of prosperity and prosperity and the wisdom of the Dharma.

The Four Heavenly Kings, known as the “Caturmahārāja” in Sanskrit, and “Sì Dàtiānwáng” in Chinese, are four prominent figures in Buddhist mythology. They are believed to be gods or devas who watch over the cardinal directions of the world. In Thai Buddhist beliefs, as well as in Chinese and other Buddhist cultures, these celestial beings play significant roles.

Asura Yaksa Deities

In Thai culture, the Four Heavenly Kings are known as “Chatumaharacha” or “Chatulokkaban.” Each king has a specific direction and associated qualities. Vessavana, also known as Vaiśravaṇa or Kubera, is the chief of the kings and protector of the north. He is associated with the color yellow or green and symbolizes abundance and wealth. Virūlhaka, the king of the south, is known for causing good growth and is associated with the color blue. Dhatarattha, the king of the east, represents harmony and compassion, often depicted with a pipa, a stringed instrument. He is associated with the color white. Virūpakkha, the king of the west, has the ability to see all and convert non-believers. He is associated with the color red and often depicted with a serpent or red cord.

Yaksha Asura Deva

The Four Heavenly Kings are said to reside in the Cāturmahārājika heaven, situated on the lower slopes of Mount Sumeru. They are regarded as protectors of the world and defenders of the Dharma. Each king has the ability to command a legion of supernatural creatures to safeguard Buddhism.

Now, let’s explore the realm of the Asura and Yaksha in Buddhist mythology. Asuras are considered to be powerful beings who dwell in a realm known as the Asura realm. They are often depicted as fierce and war-like. In Thai Buddhist beliefs, there are several famous Asura Devas.

Pra Rahu, also known as the Eclipse Deity, is a significant figure in Thai Buddhism. He is believed to be an Asura Deva who swallows the sun or moon during eclipses. Devotees offer prayers and offerings to appease Pra Rahu and seek his blessings.

Taw Waes Suwan is another well-known Asura Deva in Thai Buddhist beliefs. He is associated with wealth, protection, and victory. Devotees believe that worshiping Taw Waes Suwan brings prosperity and success in various endeavors.


Pipek, also known as Bibheka, holds a prominent role in the Thai adaptation of the Indian epic Ramayana, known as the Ramakien. In the Ramakien, Pipek is portrayed as a mighty Asura warrior who assists the demon king, Thotsakan (Ravana). Pipek is often depicted with a bird-like appearance, wearing golden armor, and wielding various weapons. His character represents loyalty and dedication to his king.

Atanatiya Paritta:

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Here is the English Romanized version of the Atanatiya Paritta using Romanized Pāli characters:

Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammā sambuddhassa. Yo so tathāgato araham sammasambuddho vijjācaraṇa sampanno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisadammasārathi satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavāti.

Yo imaṃ lokaṃ sadevakaṃ samārakaṃ sabrahmakaṃ sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiṃ pajaṃ sadeva manussaṃ samārakaṃ sabrahmakaṃ sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiṃ pajāṃ sadeva manussaṃ ākāsānañcāyatanūpagānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ yathākkāmaṃ yathārahaṃ ākāsānañcāyatanūpagā devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upasaṅkamati.

So imaṃ lokaṃ sadevakaṃ samārakaṃ sabrahmakaṃ sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiṃ pajaṃ sadeva manussaṃ samārakaṃ sabrahmakaṃ sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiṃ pajāṃ sadeva manussaṃ ākāsānañcāyatanūpagānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ yathākkāmaṃ yathārahaṃ ākāsānañcāyatanūpagā devānaṃ sahabyataṃ anuttaraṃ sammāsambodhiṃ abhisambuddho.

So sadevakaṃ samārakaṃ sabrahmakaṃ sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiṃ pajaṃ sadeva manussaṃ samārakaṃ sabrahmakaṃ sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiṃ pajāṃ sadeva manussaṃ ākāsānañcāyatanūpagānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ yathākkāmaṃ yathārahaṃ ākāsānañcāyatanūpagā devānaṃ sahabyataṃ anuttaraṃ sammāsambodhiṃ abhisambuddhā.

Yo imaṃ lokaṃ sadevakaṃ samārakaṃ sabrahmakaṃ sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiṃ pajaṃ sadeva manussaṃ samārakaṃ sabrahmakaṃ sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiṃ pajāṃ sadeva manussaṃ ākāsānañcāyatanūpagānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ yathākkāmaṃ yathārahaṃ ākāsānañcāyatanūpagā devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upasaṅkamati.

Seyyathāpi nāma mahāmegho gambhīre udakarahade vassamāno na yojanaṃ puratthimaṃ yojanaṃ pacchimaṃ yojanaṃ uttaraṃ yojanaṃ dakkhiṇaṃ yojanaṃ puratthimaṃ yojanaṃ pacchimaṃ yojanaṃ uttaraṃ yojanaṃ dakkhiṇaṃ yojanaṃ puratthimaṃ yojanaṃ pacchimaṃ yojanaṃ uttaraṃ yojanaṃ dakkhiṇaṃ yojanaṃ ākāsānañcāyatane pathavīdhātuyā ādittaṃ sampajjalitaṃ vipariṇāmadhammaṃ ākāsānañcāyatane viññāṇadhātuyā ādittaṃ sampajjalitaṃ vipariṇāmadhammaṃ ākāsānañcāyatane saññādhātuyā ādittaṃ sampajjalitaṃ vipariṇāmadhammaṃ ākāsānañcāyatane saṅkhāradhātuyā ādittaṃ sampajjalitaṃ vipariṇāmadhammaṃ.

Evameva kho panāhaṃ, bhikkhave, imaṃ āṭānāṭiyaṃ parittaṃ abhāsiṃ: Namo ratanattayāya. Namo vijjācaranasaṃpannāya. Namo dhajagga pariveṇīranasanāya. Evaṃ me sutaṃ. Atthi, bhikkhave, aññopi parittaṃ bhesajja-parittan’ti.

The Atanatiya Paritta, also known as the “Discourse of Atanatiya,” is a sacred text in the Theravada Buddhist tradition. It is found in the Digha Nikaya, one of the collections of the Pali Canon, the ancient scriptures of Buddhism. The story of the Atanatiya Paritta revolves around the Buddha and a group of powerful non-human beings known as the Yakshas.

According to the narrative, during the time of the Buddha, a fierce battle erupted between two groups of Yakshas, the followers of the Yaksha king Vessavana and the followers of the Yaksha king Suppabuddha. The conflict escalated to the point where it posed a great threat to the peace and well-being of both the human and non-human realms.

The Buddha, foreseeing the dangers that could arise from this conflict, decided to intervene. He traveled to the Tavatimsa heaven, where the Yakshas resided, and delivered the Atanatiya Paritta as a protective chant. This discourse served as a means to pacify the Yakshas and restore harmony among them.

The Atanatiya Paritta consists of verses describing the qualities of the Buddha, his teachings, and the protective qualities of various deities. It also includes a detailed account of the physical characteristics of the Yaksha king Vessavana and his retinue. The discourse praises the virtues of mindfulness, compassion, and wisdom.

After the Buddha delivered the Atanatiya Paritta, the Yakshas were pacified, and the conflict came to an end. The discourse became highly regarded as a powerful protective chant, capable of warding off malevolent forces and ensuring the safety and well-being of those who recite it.

Since then, the Atanatiya Paritta has been recited by Buddhists on various occasions, particularly during ceremonies and rituals to invoke blessings and protection. It serves as a reminder of the Buddha’s compassionate intervention and the power of his teachings in overcoming adversity and fostering harmony.

Pra Isworn Maha Taep

In Thailand, Shiva is revered by both Thai Brahmans and Buddhists alike, and is known as “Pra Siva” or “Phra Isworn.” Shiva is incorporated into Thai Buddhism, and bt origins, is one of the most important deities in Hinduism and is often associated with the energy of destruction and transformation. However, in Thailand, Shiva is also seen as a benevolent and protective deity who offers blessings and guidance to those who seek his help. Many Thai people wear amulets or talismans with Shiva’s image as a symbol of protection and good fortune.

The God Shiva,

How To worship Shiva?

Worshiping Shiva, one of the major deities in Hinduism, can be done in many ways. Here are some general guidelines for worshiping Shiva:

1. Select a clean and quiet place for worship. It can be a temple or your own private space.

2. Place a Shiva linga, a symbol of Shiva, on a clean altar. You can also place pictures or statues of Shiva and other Hindu gods and goddesses.

3. Light a lamp and incense sticks and offer flowers to the deity.

4. Recite mantras or prayers dedicated to Shiva, such as the “Om Namah Shivaya” mantra.

5. Offer food, fruits, and sweets to the deity. You can also offer water, milk, and honey.

6. Perform abhishekam, which is the ritual of pouring water, milk, or other liquids over the Shiva linga.

7. Meditate on the deity and seek blessings from Shiva.

It is important to note that there are many variations in the way Shiva is worshiped in Hinduism, and the above guidelines are just a general overview. You can also consult with a Hindu priest or spiritual leader for more specific guidance on how to worship Shiva.

In Hinduism, Lord Shiva is considered as one of the three main deities, along with Brahma and Vishnu. Lord Shiva is known by many different names and has several different manifestations and emanations, each with its own significance and symbolism. Some of the most popular forms and names of Lord Shiva include:

  1. – Mahadeva
  2. – Rudra
  3. – Nataraja
  4. – Ardhanarishvara
  5. – Pashupati
  6. – Bhairava
  7. – Neelkanth
  8. – Shankara
  9. – Bholenath

These are just a few of the many names and forms of Lord Shiva, and there are many more depending on the particular tradition or subsect of Hinduism.

Ancient Hindu Temple

Who is Shiva’s Consort?

Shiva’s consort is the goddess Parvati, also known as Uma, Gauri, or Shakti. Parvati is considered to be the supreme goddess and the embodiment of Shakti (divine feminine energy). She is often depicted alongside Shiva in Hindu mythology and is regarded as the mother of the universe. Parvati is also believed to be the reincarnation of Sati, Shiva’s first wife, who immolated herself in the fire of yagna (sacrificial fire) in protest against her father Daksha’s disrespect towards Shiva.

The Goddess Parvati, AI Art

Uma, Kali, Gauri, and Shakti are different names for the goddess Parvati, who is the consort of Shiva. These names represent different aspects or emanations of Parvati’s divine feminine energy:

1. Uma: This name means “bright” or “splendorous” and represents the gentle and compassionate aspect of Parvati’s nature.

2. Kali: This name means “the dark one” or “the black one” and represents the fierce and powerful aspect of Parvati’s nature. Kali is often depicted with a blue or black complexion, a garland of skulls around her neck, and a sword in her hand.

3. Gauri: This name means “golden” or “fair” and represents the nurturing and loving aspect of Parvati’s nature. Gauri is often depicted as a beautiful and gentle goddess, with fair skin and adorned with jewels.

4. Shakti: This name means “power” or “energy” and represents the primordial cosmic energy that gives rise to the universe. Shakti is often depicted as a fierce and powerful goddess, who can destroy evil and protect the world.

In Hindu mythology, Parvati takes on different forms and names to fulfill different roles and purposes. These names and forms represent the myriad aspects of her divine feminine energy and are revered by devotees for their protective, nurturing, and transformative powers.

Shiva on Mount Kailash Art Painting

Incantations and Prayers for the God Shiva

Here are some Kata (mantras), for chanting to Lord Shiva, in Roman characters for phonetic reading:

1. Om Namah Shivaya – This is one of the most popular and powerful mantras dedicated to Lord Shiva, which means “I bow to Shiva”. It is believed to cleanse the mind and body, and bring peace and harmony to the individual.

2. Om Tryambakam Yajamahe Sugandhim Pushtivardhanam – This is the Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra, which is also dedicated to Lord Shiva. It means “We worship the three-eyed one who is fragrant and nourishes all beings”.

3. Om Namo Bhagavate Rudraya – This mantra is another powerful chant dedicated to Lord Shiva, which means “I bow to the divine Rudra”.

4. Om Hara Hara Mahadev – This is a simple mantra that can be chanted by anyone, and it means “Hail to the great Lord Shiva”.

5. Om Shivoham – This mantra means “I am Shiva”, and it is believed to help the individual realize their true nature as divine consciousness.

I sincerely hope these mantras are helpful for you. Remember to always chant with sincerity, devotion, and respect for the divine.

Alien Shiva on a Higher Plane

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